Earth Sciences

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100s

ESCI 100 Search in Earth Science 3
Examination of various topics, contemporary issues and problems in earth sciences. Three hours of lecture per week. Cannot be used to meet requirements for majors or minors in earth science. No credit given to students having take ESCI 100 or ESCI 101 with the same topic. Course may be repeated one time with a different topic. Irregular. Study Area IV

ESCI 101 Search in Earth Science with Laboratory 3
Examination of various topics, contemporary issues and problems in earth sciences. Two lectures and one, two-hour lab per week. Cannot be used to meet requirements for majors or minors in earth science. No credit given to students having taken ESCI 100 or ESCI 101 with the same topic. Course may be repeated one time with a different topic. Irregular. Study Area IV

ESCI 102 Earth and the Human Environment 3
Topics in geology, meteorology, and astronomy with an emphasis on the relationships and interconnectedness between the natural environment and human activity. May not be applied to a major or minor in Earth Sciences. Study Area IV

ESCI 112 Search for Life on Other Planets 3 
Prereq.: Math 099 or equivalent. Exploration of the solar system and beyond, using introductory concepts in astronomy, biology, and geology to examine natural phenomena and address scientific questions about the possibilities of life outside Earth. May not be applied to a major or minor in Earth Sciences. Study Area IV

ESCI 113 The Cosmos 3
Prereq.: Math 099 or higher. Topics in modern astronomy with an emphasis on the process of scientific discovery and the scale and evolution of the universe. May not be applied to a major or minor in Earth Sciences. Study Area IV

ESCI 121 The Dynamic Earth 3

Basic concepts of geology and the dynamic processes operating on and within the earth and how those processes can impact humans. Topics include formation of rocks, erosion and landscape evolution, plate tectonics, an interpretation of earth processes from geological data. Volcanic, earthquake, flooding, coastal erosion and landslide hazards and glaciation are also covered. No credit given to students with credit for ESCI 131. Study Area IV

ESCI 125 The Dynamic Earth Laboratory 1
Prereq.: ESCI 121 (may be taken concurrently). Laboratory investigations into geology and the dynamic processes operating on and within the earth and how those processes can impact humans. Topics include minerals and rocks, erosion and landscape evolution, plate tectonics, an interpretation of earth processes from geological data. Volcanic, earthquake, flooding, coastal erosion and landslide hazards and glaciation. No credit given to students with credit for ESCI 135. Study Area IV

ESCI 129 Introduction to Meteorology 4
Prereq.: MATH 099 or placement exam. Introductory course dealing with atmospheric composition, structure, and basic motions. The nature of high and low pressure systems, severe weather, how the National Weather Service works. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week. Study Area IV

ESCI 131 Environmental Geoscience 3 
Investigation of Earth environmental systems including streams, lakes, estuaries, coastal, groundwater, and the physical ocean, as well as the impact of humans on those environments. Topics will also include material and energy resources, waste disposal, and climate change. No credit given to students with credit for ESCI 121. Study Area IV

ESCI 135 Environmental Geoscience Laboratory 1
Prereq.: ESCI 131 (may be taken concurrently). Laboratory investigations of Earth environmental systems including streams, lakes, estuaries, coastal, groundwater, and the physical ocean, as well as the impact of humans on those environments. Topics will also include material and energy resources, waster disposal, and climate change. No credit given to students with credit for ESCI 125. Study Area IV

ESCI 141 Earth and Life History 3

Introduction to the principles and interpretation of Earth history, emphasizing the evolution of the lithosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere through geologic time. Emphasis will be made on the historical aspects of plate tectonics, the geologic development of North America, and important events in biological evolution. Study Area IV

ESCI 145 Earth and Life History Laboratory 1
Prereq.: ESCI 141 (may be taken concurrently). Optional laboratory to accompany ESCI 141 Earth and Life History. Topics of lab exercises will include common minerals and rocks, especially sedimentary rocks and depositional environments, relative time, rock and fossil stratigraphy, radiometric dating techniques, stratigraphic sequences, geologic maps and cross sections, fossils, paleoecology, and evolution. Required for Earth Science majors. One three-hour laboratory per week.

200s

ESCI 208 Planetary Astronomy 4

Study of the bodies of the solar system, their motions, compositions, and evolution. Topics will include physical laws of motion and radiation, comparison of the surfaces, atmospheres, and interiors of solar system objects, and the formation of the solar system. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week. Study Area IV

ESCI 209 Stellar and Galactic Astronomy 4

Study of stars and galaxies as separate bodies and members of clusters. Topics will include astrophysical properties of stars and galaxies, stellar and galactic evolution, and cosmology. Emphasis will be placed on observational and experimental methods astronomers use to study the universe. Three lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week. Study Area IV

ESCI 221 Mineralogy 4
Prereq.: ESCI 125 or ESCI 135, CHEM 161 and CHEM 162. Study of minerals, their formation, occurrence, properties, composition, and classification. Topics include crystal chemistry, internal crystal structures, optical and other physical properties, identification of crystal forms and mineral specimens, and an introduction to petrology. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. One or more one-day field trips. Fall. (O)

ESCI 223 Stratigraphy and Sedimentology 4
Prereq.: ESCI 145, 290. Study of the processes and patterns of sedimentation as well as the spatial and temporal distribution of strata. Both ancient and modern depositional environments will be investigated. Three, one-hour lectures; one, three-hour lab; and one or more one-day field trips. Spring. (O)

ESCI 278 Observational Astronomy 4
Theory and practice of observational astronomy. Topics include solar and lunar observation, naked eye observation, and coordinate systems, telescope usage and design. Two lectures and two two-hour labs per week. Fall. Study Area IV

ESCI 290 Field Methods in Geology 2

Prereq.: ESCI 125 or 135. Methods and equipment used in field geology, including use of a Brunton compass, outcrop description and sketching, basic mapping techniques, sampling methods, notebook maintenance, use of global positioning system (GPS) technology, geologic maps and cross sections, field safety, and report writing. One, tree-hour lab per week. Lab sessions will typically involve outdoor activities. Two or more half-day field trips required. Fall

300s

ESCI 321 Structural Geology 4

Prereq.: ESCI 125 or 135, 290 (may be taken concurrently). Study of the geometry and origin or rock structures that are products of earth deformation. These include folds and faults, as well as microstructures. Emphasis will be placed on recognition and interpretation of structures through field and laboratory studies. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. One or more one-day field trips are required.

ESCI 322 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology 4
Prereq.: ESCI 145 and ESCI 221. Study of igneous and metamorphic processes and environmentals of formation. Application of chemical principles to the origin of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Identification and petrographic analysis of rocks will be emphasized in the laboratory. One or more one-day field trips. Spring. (O)

ESCI 335 Physical Oceanography 3
Prereq.: CHEM 161 and 162, and PHYS 121. Introduction to physical properties and chemical composition of seawater, ocean currents and ocean circulation, and the physical characteristics of the seafloor. Also covered is the interrelationship of the ocean with atmospheric circulation and world climate. Three lectures per week. Spring. (O) [GR]

ESCI 360 Research Methods in the Earth Sciences 1
Prereq.: Junior standing and Earth Science major. Investigation of the process of research, from the scientific method through writing a scientific proposal. Research results presented by written report, oral or poster presentation. Spring.

ESCI 378 Comparative Planetology 3
Prereq.: ESCI 121 or 131 or 208. Study of the surfaces, interiors, and atmospheres of objects in the solar system with the goal of better understanding the formation and evolution of planetary bodies both similar to and different from the Earth.

400s

400-LEVEL CLASSES ARE FOR UNDERGRADUATE CREDIT ONLY, EXCEPT WHERE NOTED WITH "[GR]"

ESCI 418 Astrophysics 3
Prereq.: MATH 221 and PHYS 126; or permission of department chair. Astrophysics of stars and galaxies, including stellar structure, nucleosynthesis and evolution, galactic structure and evolution, and relativistic cosmology.

ESCI 424 Geomorphology 4
Prereq.: ESCI 125 or 135; for graduate students permission of department chair. Scientific study of landforms on the earth's surface. A systematic analysis of a wide variety of landforms, with an emphasis on the processes that form them. Tectonic and climate controls of geomorphic systems are considered as are the impacts of human activities. Three, one-hour lectures, and one three-hour laboratory per week. One or more one-day field trips. Fall. (O) [GR]

ESCI 425 Glacial and Quaternary Geology 3
Prereq.: ESCI 125 or 135. Examination of the role of glaciers in Earth's climate system with a focus on the Quaternary period; the mechanics of glaciers and their role in large-scale geomorphic change; and the characteristics of the Pleistocene glacial deposits of southern New England. One or more one-day field trips. Spring. (E)

ESCI 431 Introduction to Hydrogeology 4
Prereq.: ESCI 125 or 135, CHEM 161 and 162; MATH 152 (may be taken concurrently) or permission of department chair. Overview of hydrologic and hydrological factors controlling the occurrences and dynamics of groundwater. Groundwater chemistry, quality, and contamination will also be covered. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. One or one-day field trips. Spring. (E) [GR]

ESCI 450 Environmental and Engineering Geology 3
Prereq.: ESCI 125 or 135, MATH 115 or 119, or permission of department chair. Geological factors that control or affect human habitat avoiding, or compensating for geological hazards. Applied geology from an environmental perspective that focuses on interactions between humans and Earth surface precesses. Study of natural hazards such as river flooding, landslides and debris flows, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, coastal hazards. Surface and ground water use and pollution are also covered. Fall. (O) [GR]

ESCI 452 Independent Study in Earth Science 1 TO 4
Prereq.: Approved plan of study on arrangement with supervising instructor and approval of department chair. Special work in laboratory, theory, or research to meet individual requirements in areas not covered by regular curriculum. May be taken more than one semester up to 6 credits. [GR]

ESCI 460 Senior Project 1 TO 3
Prereq.: ESCI 360, senior standing as an earth science major, and written permission of both project advisor and department chair. Investigation of a topic of current research interest as determined by the student in consultation with the faculty. Research technique, critical data evaluation, specialized knowledge, independence and originality are cultivated as the project develops. Written report and presentation are required. The Senior Project may span only one semester earning one to three credits, or two separate semesters for a maximum of six credits. Fall, Spring.

ESCI 470 Extrasolar Planets and Astrobiology 3
Prereq.: ESCI 208, and BIO 121 or BMS 102/103; or permission of department chair. Exploration of the processes related to planet formation and evolution and the planetary conditions required for the emergence of life, as well as the astronomical techniques used to detect extrasolar planets, discern their properties (include potential habitability), and collect statistics on their occurrence in the universe. Fall (O)

ESCI 478 Planetary Image Analysis 3
Prereq.: PHYS 126 or permission of department chair. Theory and application of image analysis to determine the geologic history of solar system objects through examination of surface morphology and mineralogy as observed in multi- and hyperspectral datasets. Spring (O)

ESCI 480 Internship in Earth Sciences 1 TO 3
Prereq.: Senior standing and permission of the student's advisor. Students serving in the program will serve as interns, obtaining outside industrial and/or research experiences in an environment directly related to their specialization. Internship[s may be in any area of astronomy, earth science, geology, meteorology, or planetary science. Projects will be supervised by one or more department members. Written report or poster presentation required. On demand.

ESCI 490 Topics in Earth Science 3-4
Selected studies in earth science which are not offered presently in the curriculum of the department. Course may be repeated with different topics. [GR]

500s

ESCI 518 Topics in Astronomy 3
Prereq.: Prior permission of instructor. Topics will vary each time course is offered. Combination of lecture, discussion, and student seminar presentations. May be taken more than once for credit under different topics.

ESCI 519 Topics in Geology 3
Prereq.: Prior permission of instructor. Topics will vary each time course is offered. Combination of lecture, discussion, and student seminar presentations. May be taken more than once for credit under different topics.

ESCI 598 Research in Earth Science 3
Prereq.: Admission to the M.S. program in Natural Sciences, and 15 credits in planned program of Earth Science, and permission of instructor. Course on theory and practice of conducting research in astronomy, geology, meteorology. Includes study of professional literature, evaluation of data-gathering techniques. Application of statistical methods to data; formation of multiple working hypotheses and verification of hypotheses. Classic problems in earth sciences are studied. On demand.

ESCI 599 Thesis 3
Prereq.: ESCI 598, permission of the thesis advisor and a 3.00 overall GPA. Preparation of the thesis under the supervision of the thesis advisor.

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