Grading System

Central Connecticut State University uses the letter grading system as follows:

A: superior

B: above average

C: average

D: passing but below average

F: failure


Incomplete (INC) and Not-Reported (NR) grades 

A grade of incomplete (INC) may be recorded, at the discretion of the instructor, for a course in which a student, because of circumstances beyond his or her control, has not completed certain work or has been absent from the final examination.

For undergraduate students, an INC or NR grade not changed to another grade by the instructor within the first eight weeks of the subsequent major semester will be changed to an "F". Responsibility for removing an INC or NR within this time limit rests with the student.  For graduate students, the deadline is one year before the INC will be changed to an "F".


Grade-Point Average

The formula for the Grade Point Average (GPA) is:
Quality Points (the number equivalent of the grades) divided by GPA Credits (the number of credits that go into the GPA).

Quality Points / GPA Credits = GPA


Here are the grades and equivalent Quality Points:

Grade Quality Points
A 4.0
A- 3.7
B+ 3.3
B 3.0
B- 2.7
C+ 2.3
C 2.0
C- 1.7
D+ 1.3
D 1.0
D- 0.7
F 0.0

GPA Credits are the credits that go into the GPA.  This includes all credits with grades in the above chart and does not include the following grades: P (Pass), INC (Incomplete), W (Withdrawal), and any credit/grade that is excluded from the GPA as a repeated course.

For example, a student receives the following grades:

A in a 3-credit course,
A in a 1-credit course,
B in a 3-credit course,
B- in a 3-credit course,
C- in a 2-credit course,
D in a 3-credit course,
F in a 2-credit course.


The Grade Point Average (GPA) is computed as follows:

A is worth 4 quality points  x  4 credits = 16 quality points
B is worth 3 quality points  x  3 credits = 9 quality points
B- is worth 2.7 quality points  x  3 credits = 8.1 quality points
C- is worth 1.7 quality points  x  2 credits = 3.4 quality points
D is worth 1 quality point  x 3  credits = 3 quality points
F is worth 0 quality points  x  2 credits = 0 quality points
17 credits for a total of 39.5 quality points

To calculate this student's semester Grade Point Average (GPA), the quality point total is divided by the total
number of credits taken: 39.5 ÷ 17 = 2.32.

Additional Grades Found on a Transcript
AU Audit
E Exam
IP In Progress (Doctoral Level)
NC Non-Credit Satisfactory
NR Not Reported by instructor (acts like Incomplete grade)
P Pass
S Satisfactory (Non-Credit)
TR Transfer
TR- Transfer as "D"
U Unsatisfactory (Non-Credit)
W Withdrawal


Office of the Registrar
Davidson 116
Phone: (860) 832-2236
Fax: (860) 832-2250

Office Hours 
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Friday 8am – 5pm

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