Biology

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100s

BIO 100 Search in Biology 3
Examination of various topics, contemporary issues, and problems in biological sciences. Three hours of lecture per week. No credit given toward biology majors or minors. Course may be repeated one time with a different topic. CSUS Common Course. Irregular. Study Area IV

BIO 101 Search in Biology with Lab 3
Examination of various topics, contemporary issues, and problems in biological sciences. Sections include two lectures and one two-hour lab per week. No credit given toward biology majors or minors. Course may be repeated one time with a different topic. CSUS Common Course. Irregular. Study Area IV

BIO 102 International Search in Biology 3
Examination of various international biological topics, global contemporary issues, and biological problems of current society. Three hours of lecture per week. No credit given toward biology majors or minors. CSUS Common Course. Irregular. Study Area IV [I]

BIO 107 Plants and Civilization 3
Plant growth and reproduction, and the economic and social importance of plants. No credit given toward biology majors or minors. Two lectures and one two-hour lab per week. Study area IV.

BIO 111 Introductory Biology 3
Humans and the biological world, with emphasis on structure and function of the human organism, including topics on disease, heredity and evolution. Cannot be used to meet requirements for major or minor in biology. Three lectures per week. No credit given to those with credit for BMS 111. CSUS Common Course. Study Area IV

BIO 113 Laboratory Experience in Biology 1
Prereq.: BIO 100 or 111 (may be taken concurrently), or permission of department chair. Laboratory experiences in biology, with a strong emphasis on hypothesis development, experimentation, data analysis, and written reports. One two-hour laboratory per week. Study Area IV

BIO 120 Plants of Connecticut 3
From sea lettuce to mountain laurel-introduction to the plants of Connecticut. Naturalistic approach dealing with common names and practical information. Field walks and plant collections required. Two lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. Not open to Biology majors. Summer. Study Area IV

BIO 121 General Biology I 4
Structural and physiological organization of cells involved in growth and inheritance of living organisms is discussed. Consideration of growth of flowering plants and comparisons of levels of specialization reached among major groups within the plant kingdom. Lecture topics are paralleled in laboratory, where living, prepared and preserved materials are used for study and dissection. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. Required for major, minor, or specialization in biology, but open to anyone interested in the subject. CSUS Common Course. Study Area IV

BIO 122 General Biology II 4
Prereq.: BIO 121. Consideration of major animal groups, emphasizing diversity of animal life and its wide distribution. Vertebrate type is used to illustrate differentiation, division of labor, and development of organ systems, stressing integration to make unified whole. Embryology, evolution, and ecology. In laboratory, living, prepared, and preserved materials are used for study and dissection. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. CSUS Common Course. Study Area IV

BIO 132 Introductory Ecology 3
Introductory course that introduces students to ecological processes structuring the biosphere and our impacts on it. Emphasis will be placed on current local and global environmental issues and ways of making human lifestyles sustainable. Three lectures per week. Cannot be used to meet requirements for major or minor in Biology. Study Area IV [I]

BIO 133 Laboratory in Introductory Ecology 1
Prereq.: BIO 132. Introductory biology laboratory course in field ecology to accompany, or follow, BIO 132. One three-hour laboratory or field trip per week. Cannot be used to meet requirements for major or minor in Biology. Study Area IV

BIO 150 Long Island Sound -- Introductory Ecology 4
An introduction to the physical, chemical, geological, and biological characteristics of estuaries, using Long Island Sound as a model. Laboratories and field trips will emphasize identifying common coastal organisms and understanding their roles in estuarine ecosystems. Lectures, laboratories, and field trips. Summer. Study Area IV

BIO 170 Introductory Field Studies in Biology 1 TO 4
Prereq.: Permission of instructor based on interview. Travel-based field biology experience. Non-major students will learn to identify biological questions, design and conduct observations and/or experiments, analyze their data, and reach valid conclusions. May be repeated at different field sites. Irregular. Study Area IV

BIO 171 Introductory Field Studies in Biology 1 TO 4
Prereq.: Permission of instructor based on interview. Travel-based international field biology experience. Non-major students will learn to identify biological questions, design and conduct observations and/or experiments, analyze data, and reach valid conclusions. May be repeated at different international field sites. Irregular. Study Area IV [I]

200s

BIO 200 Integrative Biology 4
Prereq.: BIO 121 and BIO 122. Emphasis on integration of genetic concepts with ecology, evolution, and biodiversity. Includes DNA replication, gene expression, viruses, phylogeny, animal behavior, and population dynamics. Laboratories include biotechnology and field ecology research techniques. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week.

BIO 211 Concepts in Biology 3
Introduction to cellular, genetic, evolutionary, and ecological principles with laboratory emphasis on application of basic concepts. Two lectures and one two-hour laboratory per week. Cannot be used to meet requirements for major or minor in Biology. Study Area IV

BIO 230 Natural History 3
Prereq.: BIO 121; or BIO 132 and 133; or BIO/BMS 111 and 113 Consideration of local wild species and their natural history traits, habitats, range, and evolutionary history. Two hours of lecture and one two-hour outdoor laboratory meeting per week. Fall. Study Area IV

BIO 290 Biology Research Experience I 2
Prereq.: MATH 101 (or math placement exam) and BIO 121 (may be taken concurrently). Introduction to research design and the analysis, interpretation, and presentation of biological data. Includes lectures, seminars, and computer laboratory.

300s

BIO 315 Microbial Ecology 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 (or permission of instructor) and CHEM 161 and 162 or CHEM 121. Ecology and biodiversity of aquatic and terrestrial microbes. Laboratories deal with microbial distribution, ecosystem function, and methods of studying microbes in the environment. Three hours of lecture and one, three-hour laboratory per week. Fall.

BIO 318 Anatomy and Physiology I 4
Prereq.: BIO 122 or BMS 201 or NRSE 150; or permission of department chair. Human gross morphology, histology, and physiology of the skeletal, integument, muscular, nervous, and respiratory systems, including effects of aging. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Cross listed as BMS 318. No credit given to students with credit for BMS 318. Fall.

BIO 319 Anatomy and Physiology II 4
Prereq.: BIO 122; or BMS 201; or NRSE 150; or permission of department chair. Human gross morphology, histology, and physiology of the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, renal, digestive, and reproductive systems. Nutrition, metabolism, fetal development and aging will also be covered. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Cross listed as BMS 319. No credit given to students with credit for BMS 319. Spring.

BIO 322 Vertebrate Zoology 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 or permission of the department chair. Vertebrate classification and life histories of representative forms. Laboratory work will emphasize identification of North American species. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. No credit given to those with credit for BIO 222. Spring. (E)

BIO 326 Mushrooms, Mosses, & More 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 or permission of the department chair. Natural history and importance to human health, agriculture, and industry of fungi, algae, lichens, liverworts, and mosses. Three hours of lecture and three hours of lab/field trips per week. Occasional Saturday field trips. No credit given to those with credit for BIO 226. Irregular.

BIO 327 Vascular Plants 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 or permission of the department chair. Phylogenetic relationships, life cycles, distribution and economic significance of vascular plants. Emphasis is placed on the seed plants. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. No credit given to those with credit for BIO 227. Spring.

BIO 331 Neurobiology 4
Prereq: Bio 200 or permission of instructor. Basic principles of neuroscience. Resting potentials, action potentials, synaptic transmission, sensory systems, learning, neural circuits underlying behavior, neurological diseases and mental illness. Three hours of lecture and one, three-hour laboratory per week. Spring. (O)

BIO 333 Endocrinology 3
Prereq: Bio 200 or permission of department chair. Structure and function of endocrine systems. Endocrine disease and hormonal control mechanisms involved in regulating reproduction, growth, and homeostatic systems within animals. Spring. (E)

BIO 390 Biology Research Experience II 1
Prereq.: BIO 290, or permission of instructor and department chair. Specific projects in various aspects of biology under the supervision of one or more department members. Written report or poster presentation, and portfolio review required. Course may be repeated with a different instructor for a maximum of two credits. On demand.

BIO 391 Internship in Biology 1 TO 6
Prereq.: Written permission of instructor and department chair. Projects in Biology under the supervision of one or more department members. Projects generally involve work with associated organizations off campus. Written report or poster presentation, and portfolio review required. On demand.

400s

400-LEVEL CLASSES ARE FOR UNDERGRADUATE CREDIT ONLY, EXCEPT WHERE NOTED WITH "[GR]"

BIO 401 Human Nutrition and Metabolism 3
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290, or permission of department chair. Biochemical and physiological processes that affect the nourishment of humans, including newborns and the aging. Interactions among nutrients, the environment and the body resulting in perturbations affecting human health are considered. Spring. [GR]

BIO 402 Evolutionary & Ecological Genetics 3
Prereq.: BIO 200 and 290 or permission of instructor. Study of the genetic diversity of species and populations, and the processes that affect their evolution, including natural selection, gene flow, and mutation. Review of basic genetics from General Biology. Applications of genetics to modern problems in ecology and conservation. Spring. [GR]

BIO 405 Ecology 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290 (or permission of department chair) and CHEM 163 and CHEM 164 or CHEM 122. Distribution and abundance of different types of organisms and the physical, chemical, and biological features and interactions that determine survival, growth, and reproduction in changing environments. Ecological theory and quantitative analyses included in lecture and laboratory. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Fall. [GR]

BIO 410 Ecological Physiology 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290 and CHEM 163 and CHEM 164 or CHEM 122 or permission of department chair. An examination of the physiological interactions between organisms and their associated ecosystems. Equivalent of three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Summer. [GR]

BIO 412 Human Physiology 3
Prereq.: BIO 122; or BMS 201; or BIO/BMS 318 or 319; or permission of department chair. Study of the human body and its reactions to internal and external environmental changes. Physiology of the musculoskeletal, nervous, circulatory, respiratory, excretory and endocrine systems is considered. Integrative mechanisms of the system are emphasized. Cross listed as BMS 412.No credit given to students with credit for BMS 412. Fall. [GR]

BIO 413 Human Physiology Laboratory 1
Prereq. or coreq.: BIO 412 or BMS 412 (either may be taken concurrently). Laboratory course to accompany BIO 412. One three-hour laboratory per week. Cross listed as BMS 413. No credit given to students with credit for BMS 413. Fall. [GR]

BIO 414 Human Disease 3
Prereq: BIO 200 and BIO 290. Human diseases caused by pathogenic organisms, environmental factors, and physiological and immunological disturbances. Review of normal functions and homeostasis followed by discussion of altered function. Irregular.

BIO 420 Ornithology 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290 or permission of department chair. Life histories, physical and physiological adaptations, evolution, ecology, and behavior of birds. Laboratories will include field identification and other behavioral and ecological research techniques. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour field or laboratory period per week. Spring. (E) [GR]

BIO 421 Marine Invertebrate Biology 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and 290; or permission of the department chair. Evolutionary relationships and morphological, physiological, developmental, and ecological variation within and among taxonomic groups of marine invertebrates. Three hours of lecture and one, three-hour laboratory per week. Irregular. [GR]

BIO 425 Biology of Marine and Freshwater Algae 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290, or permission of department chair. Ecology and classification of micro- and macroalgae from marine, estuarine, and freshwater environments. Laboratories and field trips include collection and identification of algae from Connecticut aquatic habitats. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Some Saturday field trips required.[GR]

BIO 434 Ecology of Inland Waters 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290, or permission of department chair and CHEM 163 and CHEM 164 or CHEM 122. A comparison of lotic and lentic freshwater environments, with emphasis on physical and chemical parameters influencing the distribution of aquatic organisms, nutrient cycling, and factors affecting aquatic productivity. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Some Saturday field trips required. Fall. (O) [GR]

BIO 436 Environmental Resources and Management 3
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290, or permission of department chair and CHEM 163 and CHEM 164 or CHEM 122. Analysis of the interactions of human population-resource depletion-pollution at local to global scales from an environmental management/protection perspective. Emphasis upon better understanding the impacts of over-population and methods for control, significance and loss of biodiversity, aquatic pollution, and global climate change. Spring. (E) [GR]

BIO 438 Aquatic Pollution 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290 (or permission of department chair) and CHEM 163 and CHEM 164 or CHEM 122. Study of the various types of aquatic pollutants, their sources and control/treatment, and the effects of water pollution upon aquatic ecosystems, as well as Federal and State water pollution regulatory programs. Laboratory will include field collection of water samples and measurement of indicators of water quality. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Some Saturday field trips required. Spring. (O) [GR]

BIO 440 Evolution 3
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290 or permission of department chair. Mechanisms of inter-generational change including mutation selection, and drift; sexual selection; speciation; and extinction. Fall. (O) [GR]

BIO 444 Plant Taxonomy 3
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290 or permission of department chair. Scientific approach to identification and classification of locally occurring plants using taxonomic keys. Includes ferns, fern allies, conifers and flowering plants, with emphasis on the latter. Field walks and plant collections required. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Fall. [GR]

BIO 449 Plant Physiology 3
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290; or BMS 201 or permission of department chair. Basic principles of plant function. Emphasis on the soil-plant-air continuum, phloem transport, photosynthesis and mechanisms of plant responses to the environment. Spring. [GR]

BIO 450 Investigations in Plant Physiology 1
Prereq.: BIO 449 (may be taken concurrently) or permission of instructor. Investigative laboratory in plant physiology. Topics include water potential, transpiration, mineral nutrition, phloem transport, photosynthetic and respirational gas exchange, photosynthetic electron transfer, plant movements, and plant hormones. One three-hour lab per week. Spring. [GR]

BIO 469 Entomology 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290 or permission of department chair. In depth study of insect systematics and biology. Laboratory includes building an insect collection and working with live specimens. Fall. [GR]

BIO 470 Field Studies in Biology 1 TO 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290, or permission of department chair (interview with instructor required for courses outside of the U.S.). Travel-based field biology experience. Students will learn to identify biological questions, design and conduct observations and/or experiments, and analyze their data and reach valid conclusions. May be repeated at different field sites. Irregular.

BIO 471 International Field Studies in Biology 1 TO 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290, or permission of department chair; and interview with instructor. Travel-based international field experience. Students will learn to identify biological questions, design and conduct observations and/or experiments, analyze data, and reach valid conclusions. May be repeated at different field sites. Irregular. [I]

BIO 480 Animal Behavior 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290 or permission of department chair. Understanding animal behavior from the perspectives of adaptive function, evolutionary history, development and physiological. Laboratories focus on techniques of observation, experimental design, and data analysis. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour field or laboratory session per week. Fall. (E) [GR]

BIO 489 Vertebrate Dissection 2
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290, or permission of department chair. The anatomy of representative vertebrates, with emphasis on the muscular, digestive, circulatory, reproductive, excretory, and other soft tissue systems. Laboratory work will include dissection of specimens. One hour of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Irregular.

BIO 490 Topics in Biology 3 TO 4
Prereq.: BIO 200 and BIO 290 or permission of department chair; minimum of junior status required. For advanced undergraduates. Selected studies in the biological sciences. Lectures, seminars, discussions, independent readings, reports and laboratory work appropriate for the topic will be utilized. Four credit hour offerings will include one three-hour laboratory per week. May be repeated with different topics. Irregular.

BIO 491 Advanced Studies in Biology 1 TO 3
Prereq.: BIO 390, written permission of instructor and department chair. Advanced projects in biology under the supervision of one or more department members. It is expected that this research will be a continuation of, or closely related to research begun in BIO 390. Written report or poster presentation, and portfolio review required. May be repeated for a maximum of five credits. On demand.

BIO 499 Undergraduate Thesis in Biology 1
Prereq.: BIO 491 (may be taken concurrently), written permission of thesis adviser and department chair. Student must submit thesis proposal based on project done in BIO 491, to the Biology Department and complete the undergraduate thesis under the supervision of the thesis adviser. The same BIO 491 project may not be the subject of both a HON 491 thesis and a BIO 499 thesis. On demand.

500s

ACP 500 Basic Principles of Nurse Anesthesia Practice 0
Prereq.: Completion of 24 credits in DNAP program or 21 credits in M.S. Biological Sciences: Anesthesia Program. Overview of current anesthetic practice. Topics include pre-anesthesia evaluation, fluid and blood therapy, monitoring the anesthesia machine, acid-base balance, pain management, post anesthesia care unit, and regional anesthesia. Conducted at affiliated hospital school of nurse anesthesia. Spring, Summer.

ACP 501 Anesthesia Clinical Practicum 0
Prereq.: Completion of 33 credits in DNAP program or 21 credits in M.S. Biological Sciences: Anesthesia Program and 3.00 cumulative GPA. Structured, supervised clinical training and experience to learn how to organize, administer, and manage anesthesia in a wide range of ages of patients. Conducted at affiliated hospital school of nurse anesthesia or their affiliated sites. Includes clinical practice, advanced principles of nurse anesthesia practice, applied pharmacology, physics, and professional aspects of nurse anesthesia practice. Summer.

ACP 502 Anesthesia Clinical Practicum 0
Prereq.: ACP 501 and 3.00 cumulative GPA. Continuation of ACP 501. Conducted at affiliated hospital school of nurse anesthesia or their affiliated sites. Includes clinical practice, advanced principles of nurse anesthesia practice, applied pharmacology, and professional aspects of nurse anesthesia practice. Fall.

ACP 503 Anesthesia Clinical Practicum 0
Prereq.: ACP 502 and 3.00 cumulative GPA. Continuation of ACP 502. Conducted at affiliated hospital school of nurse anesthesia or their affiliated sites. Includes clinical practice, advanced principles of nurse anesthesia practice, applied pharmacology, and professional aspects of nurse anesthesia practice. Spring.

ACP 504 Anesthesia Clinical Practicum 0
Prereq.: ACP 503. Continuation of ACP 503. Conducted at affiliated hospital school of nurse anesthesia or their affiliated sites. Summer.

ACP 505 Anesthesia Clinical Practicum 0
Prereq.: ACP 504. Continuation of ACP 504. Conducted at affiliated hospital school of nurse anesthesia or their affiliated sites. Fall.

BIO 500 Seminar in Biology 1 TO 2
Prereq.: Admission to the graduate school or permission of department chair. Study of contemporary topics in biology through individual readings, discussions and presentations. Irregular.

BIO 508 Coastal Ecology 3
Prereq.: Admission to the graduate school or permission of the department chair. Introduction to northeastern coastal ecology. Emphasis will be upon intertidal and shallow estuarine systems with a comparative ecosystems perspective. Three hours of lecture. Spring. (O)

BIO 509 Coastal Ecology Laboratory 1
Prereq.: BIO 508, may be taken concurrently, or permission of department chair. Laboratory to accompany BIO 508. One three-hour laboratory per week. Some Saturday field trips required. Spring. (O)

BIO 515 Foundations of Ecology 3
Prereq.: Admission to graduate school or permission of department chair. Introduction to the ecological primary literature through review of classic theoretical papers and manipulative experimental tests. This will include mathematical approaches, models, experimental design, and field experimental methodology regarding questions in population biology, community ecology and ecosystems ecology. Three hours of lecture. Spring. (E)

BIO 517 Human Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathophysiology 6
Prereq.: CHEM 311 or 550, or permission of department chair. For students in the Biological Sciences: Anesthesia (M.S.) and Biological Sciences: Health Sciences Specialization (M.S.) programs. Functional anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology of man. Review of cell physiology is followed by in-depth study analysis of muscular, circulatory, nervous, respiratory, excretory and endocrine systems with special applications to the health sciences. Summer.

BIO 518 Pathophysiology and Applied Physiology 3
Prereq.: BIO 412 or BMS 412 or BIO 517 or permission of department chair. For students in anesthesia and health sciences; others require permission of anesthesia program coordinator. Continuation of BIO 517, with emphasis on organ system physiology and pathophysiology. Cardiac, renal, and respiratory systems will be stressed. Three hours of lecture per week. Spring.

BIO 519 Advanced Neuroscience 3

Prereq.: BIO 517 or BIO 412 or BMS 412, or permission of department chair. Study of the function of the human nervous system, including relation of neuroanatomy, membrane biophysics, synaptic transmission, and neural systems to human cognitive function in health and disease. Neuroanatomical and neurophysiological substrates of consciousness, arousal, sleep, perception, memory, pain, and analgesia with emphasis on their relation to anesthesia. Fall.

BIO 520 Plant Ecology 3
Prereq.: Admission to graduate school or permission of department chair. Interactions between plants and their living and non-living surroundings. Reproductive ecology, species interactions including competition, community structure, succession, phytogeography with emphasis on the tropics, and the biodiversity crisis. One Saturday field trip required. Three hours of lecture per week. Spring. (O)

BIO 525 Advanced Physical Health Assessment for Nurse Anesthetists 3
Prereq.: Admission to M.S. Biological Sciences: Anesthesia Program; or Admission to DNAP Program. Lectures, demonstrations, group discussions and simulations presenting advanced physical health assessment of all body systems. Includes principles of peri-anesthetic care of patients with emphasis on cardiovascular, pulmonary, neurologic, renal and endocrine function; interpretation of lab data and selected specialty examinations such as pulmonary function studies, chest X-rays, 12-lead EKGs, and cardiology studies. Spring.

BIO 528 Pharmacology 4
Prereq.: BIO 412 or BIO 517 or BMS 412, and CHEM 550 or permission of department chair. For students in anesthesia and health sciences; others require permission of anesthesia program coordinator. A comprehensive investigation into the pharmacological agents and their utilization with relevance to the health sciences. Special consideration given to pharmacodynamics. Fall.

BIO 530 Immunology 3
Prereq.: Admission to graduate program or permission of department chair. Cells and organs of the immune system, immunoglobulin structure and genes, antigen-antibody interactions, major histocompatibility genes and molecules, complement, humoral and cell-mediated immunities, hypersensitivities, immunodeficiencies, transplants, and autoimmunity. Three hours of lecture per week. Spring.

BIO 540 Topics in Advanced Biology 3 TO 4
Prereq.: Permission of department chair. Selected topics in the biological sciences. Lectures, seminars, discussions, independent readings, reports, and laboratory work as appropriate for the topic will be utilized. Four credit hour offerings will include one three-hour laboratory per week. May be repeated with different topics. Irregular.

BIO 571 Advanced Field Studies in Biology 1 TO 4
Prereq.: Admission to graduate program or permission of depart chair. Interview with instructor required for courses outside the U.S. Travel-based field study experience. Advanced students will develop their abilities to identify biological questions, design and conduct observations and/or experiments that address those questions, and analyze their data and reach valid conclusions. May be repeated at different field sites. Irregular.

BIO 590 Focused Study in Advanced Biology 1 TO 4
Prereq.: Written permission of instructor(s) and department chair. Advanced project in biology under the supervision of one or more department members selected by the student and the graduate advisor. Written and oral research report required. May be repeated under a different topic no more than three times, for a maximum of 8 credits. On demand.

BIO 591 Independent Research Project in Advanced Biology 1 TO 4
Prereq.: Written permission of instructor and department chair. Individual student research in biology. Laboratory and/or field study under the supervision of faculty chosen consultation with the graduate advisor. Written research report required. May be repeated for a maximum of six credits. On demand.

BIO 598 Research in Biology 3
Prereq.: Admission to the graduate school or permission of department chair. Designed to familiarize student with techniques and resources associated with research in the specialization. Opportunity for practical application will be provided. Three hours of lecture per week. Fall.

BIO 599 Thesis 3 OR 6
Prereq.: BIO 598, permission of thesis advisor, and a 3.00 overall GPA. Preparation of the thesis under the supervision of the thesis advisor. On demand.

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