GUIDELINES FOR CONTRIBUTIONS
Revised January 2012
Submit your article electronically at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/has. Please follow the instructions for creating an account. Then the system will walk you through a step-by-step process for manuscript submission.
Manuscripts should be prepared using the ASA Style Guide (2nd ed., 1997). All pages must be typed, double-spaced (including notes and references), on 8-1/2 by 11 inch white paper. Margins must be at least 1 inch (i.e., line length must not exceed 6-1/2 inches). Please use 12-point Times New Roman font.
Humanity & Society Articles and essays may be any length from short reports (e.g., 10 to 20 pages), to full-length articles (e.g., 30 to 40 pages), to historical papers (e.g., 30 to 60 pages). H&S Comments/Replies should not exceed 10 pages. Send Comments/Replies directly to the H&S office – H&S does not require that Comments/Replies first be sent to article authors.
Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Personal Reflexive Statement(s), (4) Text, (5) Notes, (6) References, (7) Tables, (8) Figures, and (9) Appendices. They must include (in this order): Title page, Abstract, Personal Reflexive Statement(s), and Text.
1. Title page. Please include the following:
- Full article title
- Acknowledgments and credits
- Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s)
- Grant numbers and/or funding information
- Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)
2. Abstract. Print the abstract (150 to 200 words) on a separate page headed by the full article title. Omit author(s)’s names.
3. Personal Reflexive Statement. The Personal Reflexive Statement provides an account of the author’s perspectives about and personal commitment to the subject matter of the article. It is appropriate to include the author’s experiences as a social activist. Include a Personal Reflexive Statement for each author unless a single statement is appropriate. Print the Personal Reflexive Statement(s) (150 to 200 words) on the Abstract page directly below the Abstract.
4. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title. H&S uses open peer review for manuscript evaluation; therefore, all author references should appear in the text.
a. Headings and subheadings. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text. See recent issues of American Sociological Review for examples.
b. Citations in the text should provide the last name of the author(s) and year of publication. Include page numbers for direct quotes or specific passages. Cite only those works needed to provide evidence for your assertions and to refer to important sources on the topic. In the following examples of text citations, ellipses (…) indicate manuscript text:
When author’s name is in the text, follow it with the year in parentheses-… Duncan (1959). The first time that an author's name is in the text, the full name should be included. Subsequently, only the last name should be included-...Lora Lempert (2003) says...Lempert (2003) contends.
When author’s name is not in the text, enclose the last name and year in parentheses-…(Gouldner 1963).
Pages cited follow the year of publication after a colon-…(Ramirez and Weiss 1979:239-40).
Provide last names for joint authors-…(Martin and Bailey 1988).
For three authors, list all three names in the first citation in the text-…(Carr, Smith, and Jones 1962). For all subsequent citations use “et al.”-…(Carr et al. 1962).
For works with four or more authors, use “et al.” throughout.
For institutional authorship, supply minimal identification from the complete citation-…(U.S. Bureau of the Census 1963:117).
List a series of citations in alphabetical order or date order separated by semicolons-…(Burgess 1968; Marwell et al. 1971).
Use “forthcoming” to cite sources scheduled for publication. For dissertations and unpublished papers, cite the date. If no date, use “N.d.” in place of the date-…Smith (Forthcoming) and Oropesa (n.d.).
For machine-readable data files, cite authorship and date-…(Institute for Survey Research 1976).
c. Notes should be numbered in the text consecutively using superscript Arabic numerals. When referring to a note later in the text, use a parenthetical note-…(see note 3).
d. Equations in the text should be typed or printed. Use consecutive Arabic numerals in parentheses at the right margin to identify important equations. Align all expressions and clearly mark compound subscripts and superscripts. Clarify all unusual characters or symbols with notes circled in the margin.
5. Notes should be typed or printed, double-spaced, in a separate “ENDNOTES” section. Begin each note with the superscript numeral to which it is keyed in the text (e.g., “¹ After 1981, there were…”). Notes can (a) explain or amplify text, (b) cite materials of limited availability, or (c) append information presented in a table or figure. Avoid long notes: consider (a) stating in the text that information is available from the author, (b) depositing the information in a national retrieval center and inserting a short footnote or a citation in the text, or (c) adding an appendix. Each note should not exceed 100 words.
6. References are presented in a separate section headed “REFERENCES.” All references cited in the text must be listed in the reference section, and vice versa. Publication information for each must be complete and correct. List the references in alphabetical order by authors’ last names; include first names and middle initials for all authors when available. List two or more entries by the same author(s) in order of the year of publication. When the cited material is not yet published but has been accepted for publication, use “Forthcoming” in place of the date and give the journal name or publishing house. For dissertations and unpublished papers, cite the date and place the paper was presented and/or where it is available. If no date is available, use “N.d.” in place of the date. If two or more cited works are by the same author(s) within the same year, list them in alphabetical order by title and distinguish them by adding the letters a, b, c, etc., to the year (or to “Forthcoming”). For works with more than one author, only the name of the first author is inverted (e.g., “Jones, Arthur B., Colin D. Smith, and James Petersen”). List all authors; using “et al.” in the reference list is not acceptable. Refer to the ASA Style Guide (2d ed., 1997) for additional examples:
Bernard, Claude  1957. An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. Translated by H.C. Greene, New York: Dover.
Mason, Karen O. 1974. Women’s Labor Force Participation and Fertility. Research Triangle Park, NC: National Institutes of Health.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1960. Characteristics of Population. Vol. 1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Goodman, Leo A. 1947a. “The Analysis of Systems of Qualitative Variables When Some of the Variables Are Unobservable. Part I – A Modified Latent Structure Approach.” American Journal of Sociology 79: 1179-1259.
____.1947b. “Exploratory Latent Structure Analysis Using Both Identifiable and Unidentifiable Models.” Biometrika 61: 215-31.
Szelenyi, Szonja and Jacqueline Olvera. Forthcoming. “The Declining Significance of Class: Does Gender Complicate the Story?” Theory and Society.
Clausen, John A. 1972. “The Life Course of Individuals.” Pp. 457-514 in Aging and Society, vol. 3, A Sociology of Age Stratification, edited by M. W. Riley, M. Johnson, and A. Foner. New York: Russell Sage.
Sampson, Robert J. 1992. “Family Management and Child Development: Insights from Social Disorganization Theory.” Pp. 63-93 in Advances in Criminology Theory, vol. 3, Facts, Frameworks, and Forecasts, edited by J. McCord. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
Charles, Maria. 1990. “Occupational Sex Segregation: A Log-Linear Analysis of Patterns in 25 Industrial Countries.” Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Sociology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
American Sociological Association, 1997. “Call for Help: Social Science Knowledge on Race, Racism, And Race Relations” (ASA Action Alert, October 15). Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. Retrieved October 15, 1997 (http://www.asanet.org/racecall.htm).
Boorstein, Michelle. 2003. “Homeless Needs Outrun Success in Finding Shelter Site.” Washington Post, October 19, 2003, p. C05. Retrieved October 20, 2003 (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A46989-2003Oct18.html)
Kao, Grace and Jennifer Thompson. 2003. “Racial and Ethnic Stratification in Educational Achievement and Attainment.” Annual Review of Sociology 29: 417-42. Retrieved October 20, 2003 (http://arjournals.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.soc.29.010202.100019).
7. Tables should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include table titles. Tables will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. Each table must include a descriptive title and headings for all columns and rows. Gather general notes to tables as “Notes:”; use a, b, c, etc., for table footnotes. Use asterisks*, **, and/or *** to indicate significance at the p<.05, p="" 01="" and="" 001="" levels="" respectively="" always="" specify="" one-tailed="" or="" two-tailed="" tests="">
8. Figures should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. All artwork must be submitted on disk or as camera-ready art. Figures must be executed by computer or by a graphic artist in black ink on white paper; lettering must be done in pen and ink or be typeset; photographs must be black-and-white on glossy paper. Contact the H&S office to discuss preferred file formats for computer-generated figures. For additional details, see section called Figures, Tables, and Graphic File Requirements on the American Sociological Review (ASR) Web site ( http://www2.asanet.org/journals/asr/submission.html).
IMPORTANT: All figures (including all type) must be legible when resized to fit one or two column widths, 2-9/16 and 5-5/16 inches wide, respectively. PERMISSION: The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published by H&S. A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.
9. Appendices should be lettered to distinguish them from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”).